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History of assisted reproductive technology

Popular science articles | Release date: 2018-05-08


Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is a technology that uses medical aids to enable infertile couples to become pregnant. These include artificial insemination (AI) and in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and their derivative technologies. Since the birth of the world's first test-tube baby on July 25, 1978, human-assisted reproductive technology has gone through 40 years of development.

With the continuous development of related technologies, assisted reproductive technology has become an important means to treat infertility. This technology has helped countless infertile families and played a very important role in human reproduction. Since the birth of the world's first test-tube baby, after 32 years of painstaking and remarkable development, art technology has been continuously developed, and people's awareness is also increasingly updated. In 2010, Dr. Robert G. Edwards, known as the father of "test-tube baby," won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for his great achievements. This shows that assisted reproductive technology has been highly recognized in religion, ethics, and society, which will also play a significant role in promoting the development of assisted reproductive technology.

According to the development process of assisted reproductive technology, it can be found that each technological breakthrough is based on the rapid development of science and technology. Each technological breakthrough brings new hope to the treatment of clinical infertility, effectively improves the treatment outcome of assisted reproductive technology, and also expands assisted reproductive technology Scope of application of technology. We have made achievements in the treatment of infertility from the conventional techniques of artificial insemination, in vitro utilization and embryo transfer, intracytoplasmic micro fertilization of single sperm oocytes, the new techniques of preimplantation genetic diagnosis / preimplantation genetic screening, oocyte nuclear transfer, mitochondrial transfer, and CRISPR gene modification. With the emergence of each new technology, it will contribute to improve the effectiveness of infertility treatment further, and it is also adhering to the development goal of making more infertile patients have a healthy offspring.

In recent years, a series of emerging new technologies are likely to be used to solve the needs of more infertile patients in the future. Such as artificial gamete technology, artificial uterus technology, artificial ovary technology, stem cell therapy, etc. It can be seen that, with the intersection of assisted repetitive technology and more new technologies and disciplines, there are infinite possibilities for the future of assisted repetitive technology. In the future, the relevant basic and clinical research on assisted reproductive technology must be promoted, and the research on the security of assisted reproductive technology should be carried out in order to establish an efficient and secure clinical application system of assisted reproductive technology.