The earliest test tube baby
Popular science articles | Release date：2018-05-10
On July 25, 1978, at Oldham general hospital on the outskirts of Manchester, England, a girl who attracted the attention of the whole world was born. She was the first test-tube baby, Louis Brown.
Once upon a time, Lilis Brown was barren nine years after his marriage because of a blocked fallopian tube. In order to have her own children, Patrick Steptoe, a British gynecologist, and Dr. Robert Edwards, a physiologist at Cambridge University, took her eggs from the 32-year-old woman with an abdominal endoscope and placed them in a prepared culture dish. On November 10, 1977, she used her husband's sperm to fertilize them in vitro. After four days of incubation, the fertilized egg is transferred to the womb of the mother. The development of the fetus was normal. Later, a 2.6kg strong and normal baby girl was taken out by the cesarean section. She was named Louis brown and became the world's first in vitro mother pregnancy baby - test-tube baby.
With the birth of test-tube babies, it has brought a great breakthrough to reproductive medicine and hope for thousands of families. At the same time, it also puts forward new issues for social law, ethics, and so on.